1 | Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy is the most common treatment of uveal melanoma today. Every radiation therapy provided by Texas Retina Associates physicians is custom-designed to minimize the patient’s vision loss. The goal is to halt growth of the cancerous tumor cells with the least negative effects on the normal tissue surrounding them.
The most common radiation therapy used to treat uveal/ocular melanoma is called brachytherapy or plaque therapy. A small disc-shaped shield known as a plaque encases radioactive seeds on one side and is covered with a thin sheet of gold on the other. It is surgically attached to the outside surface of the eye, over the tumor. The gold protects the surrounding areas from radiation damage. The plaque is left in place for several days, allowing the radiation to treat the tumor. Once complete, it is then removed, and no radioactive material remains on or within the patient.
Proton beam therapy is another type of radiation sometimes used to treat uveal/ocular melanoma.